Our paper published in the journal Diabetes Care found that the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes before the age of 80 is roughly double for the South Asian and African Caribbean people in our study as compared with white Europeans.
Our results also showed an interesting difference between the women and the men. The higher risk for the women can be explained in terms of insulin resistance and greater waist fat measured 20 years earlier, but those factors only explained a small part of the excess risk for the men. More research is needed into risk factors which may act at different stages of life in order to fully explain why South Asian, African and African Caribbean men and women are at such high risk of developing diabetes.
There were a lot of news stories and online reports about these study results. Here are links to a few of them: